Fire protection is the study and practice of mitigating the unwanted effects of potentially destructive fires.[1] It involves the study of the behavior, compartmentalization, suppression and investigation of fire and its related emergencies, as well as the research and development, production, testing and application of mitigating systems. Fire fighting systems and equipment vary depending on the age, size, use, and type of building construction. Two types of fire protection systems are available: Passive and Active. Passive Fire Protection uses systems that do not require any motion or action in order to work. Fire and Smoke Dampers prevent the spread of flames and smoke through the ductwork of a facility. Fire Walls/Barriers as well as Fire Doors, if kept shut, help contain the fire to one specific location of the building. Photo luminescent Egress Path Marking Systems and Exit Signs will continue to glow in smoky conditions, allowing people to navigate their way to safety. Ultimately these systems compartmentalize a building into sections to help contain and slow the spread of the fire and smoke, while helping to guide occupants safely out of danger.Active Fire Protection uses systems that do require a certain amount of motion or action in order to work properly. These systems use some amount of actions to notify of the fire and smoke conditions, help slow the growth of the fire or to help put out the fire altogether. Examples:Fire Alarm Systems ,Sprinkler Systems, Fire Extinguisher/Hydrant, Firefighters 

    1. Fire Hydrant System

    2. Wet Riser

    3. Sprinkler system